University of TehranJournal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran1016-110421320100901Camparison of Numerically Stability of Two Algorithms for the Calculation of VarianceCamparison of Numerically Stability of Two Algorithms for the Calculation of Variance21083ENDRostamiJournal Article19700101In descriptive statistics, there are two computational algorithms for determining the variance S2, of a set of observations :
Algorithm 1: S2= - ,
Algorithm 2: S2= ,
where . It is interesting to discuss, which of the above formulas is numerically more trustworthy in machine numbers sets. I this paper, based on total effect of rounding error, we prove that the second Algorithm is better than the first Algorithm. Numerical experiments show the efficiency of Algorithm 2.https://jsciences.ut.ac.ir/article_21083_6f77c247cc221e6cbf42374b5cb7f5f8.pdf