In this study, concentrations of heavy metals in soils around a Zn-smelter in Qeshm island, Iran, are investigated. Calculated geoaccumulation index (Igeo), contamination factor (Cf), and contamination degree (Cdeg) values indicate surface soil contamination by toxic metals (As, Cd, Pb, and Zn). The results also indicate that most contaminated areas are located in the vicinity of the smelter and waste pile. However, concentrations of soil metals decrease with increasing distance from the pollution sources. Results from a potential ecological risk assessment indicate high risk in areas around the smelter. Statistical analysis also confirms the role of the Zn-smelter in soil contamination in the study area.