Chlorite flakes, as a product of alteration of biotite, the dominant ferromagnesian mineral in the Paleozoic granitic rocks of the Canadian Appalachians, have been analyzed by electron microprobe for major elements and by 57Fe M?ssbauer spectroscopy for the coordination and oxidation state of Fe. Comparison of M?ssbauer Fe3+/Fe ratios obtained from chlorite and its host biotite indicates that chloritization might have occurred under relatively oxidizing conditions. Based on 54 analyzed samples, Si cation totals of these sheet silicates are less than 6.25 atoms per formula unit (apfu), and the sum of octahedral cations is very close to 12 both an indication of trioctahedral chlorite. The calculated mole fraction of chlorite in interlayered phase, Xc, ranges from. 0.72 to 0.98 confirming that the chlorites are completely free of any smectite layers. Compositional variations in chlorite are strongly controlled by host biotite and rock type. Fe/(Fe+Mg) ratio ranges from 0.35 to 0.93 and Si contents from 5.18 to 6.11 apfu lead to the classification of chlorites mainly as ripidolite and brunsvigite. All major elements in the chlorite are strongly correlated with each other. Fe/(Fe+Mg) ratio in biotite is well preserved by chlorite. Chlorite thermometry based on the variation in tetrahedral Al content within the chlorite structure shows a large variation in temperatures from 200 to 390 °C with an average of 340 °C. The chlorite from igneous rocks could also be used to detect reheating events and reveal the thermal history of the rocks.