Document Type : Original Paper


Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz 7194684795, Islamic Republic of Iran


Poly (vinylpyrrolidone)-grafted silica as an organic-inorganic hybrid material was used as an effective heterogeneous polymeric cosolvent catalyst in organic reactions. This modified silica catalyzed nucleophilic displacement of alkyl halides for easy preparation of alkyl thiocyanates, alkyl cyanides, alkyl azides and alkyl aryl ethers. Furthermore, the catalyst was applied for the conversion of epoxides to thiranes, thiocyanohydrins and azidohydrins. These reactions were performed in acetonitrile and aqueous media to produce the corresponding products in high yields and short reaction times. The catalyst can be recovered and reused several times.