Document Type : Original Paper


1 Department of chemistry, Faculty of Science, Golestan Universtiy, Gorgan, Iran

2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran

3 Institute of Physic of the Czech Academy of Sciences, v.v.i., Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic

4 Institute of Physic of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague, Czech Republic


In this paper, we report a simple and convenient method for the synthesis of α Fe2O3 nanoparticles via hydrothermal process followed by thermal decomposition using the new iron precursor, which was obtained by mixing of benzoic acid (BA) and Fe(NO3)3∙3H2O in water as the solvent. Two products with almost similar morphologies and sizes were obtained by changing the calcination temperature (500 and 600ºC) for 2 h in the air atmosphere. They were named Fe 500 and Fe 600, respectively, and characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT IR) and ultraviolet visible (UV Vis) spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). FT IR, UV Vis, XRD and EDS results confirm the formation of α Fe2O3 phase. Also, TEM images confirm that the size of the products is less than 100 nm.